Changzhou China Sports

Liang Meiyu shoots past Aisling d'Hooghe during the first round of the Beijing Olympics on July 7, 2016. Xin Tao is a member of the National Olympic Committee of China and the National Sports Commission of China.

The Changzhou Development Center, which opened in September, is MLB's second training school, aimed at producing players who could one day play an important role in the organization of Major League Baseball (MLB). China also hosts the World Cup of Hockey, the world's largest professional hockey tournament. It will be the last international hockey event to be held in China after the 2008 Beijing Olympics. China's first-ever Winter Olympics in Beijing are the biggest event to come, drawing large crowds to races, drills and qualifications.

While China's traditional focus on elite sport is at odds with the global trend toward greater public participation in sports such as the Olympics and the World Cup, rising public demand for elite sport in China is synchronized with the success of elite sport. For starters, it is a perennial issue for China, but the nation is realizing its potential to benefit from public sport and globalization, which may be more evident in China than in any other country.

Notable is the long-standing conscious strategic planning of China's public-sport policy, which includes various measures in response to the global trend toward greater public participation in sport and globalization. The importance of this policy has increased in recent years in line with the rapid development of sport in China, from the success of top-level sport in targeting SMEs, to increasing global participation in sport and the ever increasing professionalisation of sport, to sports strategies.

A dedicated section on elite sport in China provides an overview of the politicised sports system, where elite sport is the most prominent policy area. Despite the hyperbole surrounding China's recent public-sports policy and its focus on the elite, it is safe to say that sport is not excluded from elite politics, but rather a central part of it. This is reflected in the government's ongoing efforts to improve public participation in sport, particularly in high-performance sports such as football, basketball, football and baseball.

With Beijing and Zhangjiakou hosting the 2022 Winter Olympics, a winter sports boom in China is predicted - until 2022. For the foreseeable future, we predict that sport will remain a major government concern, and that both opportunities and challenges will "haunt" Chinese sport.

Chinese sports officials, inspired by the success of the US and other major sports in the United States, believe that the answer lies in popularizing the sport. How can we popularise a sport that is widely regarded as extremely difficult, tiring and dangerous, "he said. The sport's popularity could ultimately depend on producing Chinese stars, said the chief executive of MLB China.

So far, China has established many sports universities, and students from sports universities in China usually become athletes, coaches, and teachers. The popular sports university in China is the Chinese Academy of Sports in Beijing, one of the largest in the world.

It is noteworthy that the discussion of elite sport has been the most detailed, owing to the long - and long-standing - prioritization of elite sport in the education system. Zheng Chen (2016), for example, examines the role of sports universities in elite sport in China, and we have a good overview of their role in sports education.

In July 2002, the government published the "Strengthening and Further Development of the Olympic Games in China" (GAS 2009), which highlighted the 2008 Beijing Olympics as a top priority for the entire country. Finally, on 29 August, it adopted a law on sports education and the promotion of top-level sport in the education system, which finally entered into force on 1 October.

These decisions have left an indelible mark on Chinese sport, which in the years that followed became more professional and commercialised. Beijing's successful Olympic bid further accelerated the development of elite sport in China, eventually paving the way for the development of elite sport in other parts of the country, such as football, basketball, baseball, and soccer. China's rapid progress in elite sport was driven in particular by the 2008 Beijing Olympics and the subsequent 2008 and 2012 Olympics. The importance of sport was increased, and China dominated the Olympics, confirming its status as a sporting superpower with a record number of top athletes and unprecedented participation.

The Chinese government recognized, as Wu (1999) outlined, that the inseparable relationship between sport and politics and athletes acted as sports ambassadors and brought new diplomatic benefits to sport. Chinese sports such as football, basketball, baseball and football were important political events in China and took on new significance.

Outgoing FIH President Leandro Negre added: "China has a special place in the heart of hockey, as the 2008 Beijing Olympics provide an incredible platform for our sport. Behind China's unprecedented sporting success lies the rapid growth of sports in China, particularly women's hockey. One of the most notable developments is China's emergence as a major player in international hockey, both in terms of international competition and participation.

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